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What Is a Focus Group and How to Conduct One

If you’re conducting research you may be wondering, ”what is a focus group?”. This article tells you what a focus group is, its pros, cons and how to conduct one

What Is a Focus Group?

What is a focus group? A focus group is a qualitative research method in which a moderator leads a group discussion with a small number of participants (usually 6-10) in order to gather feedback and insights about a particular topic or product.

A Focus Group is a group of selected people who discuss a specific subject. The sponsoring company chooses the research participants to represent a larger group.

Focus groups are a great way to get insights and opinions from a group of people. The moderator is able to communicate with the research group participants and guide the discussion, which makes it more flexible than other methods. This makes it an ideal method for market research and social science research.

Types of Focus Groups

The type of focus group you choose depends on the needs of your research. Some common types include:

dual-moderator, two-way, mini, client-involvement, participant-moderated, and online focus groups.

How To Conduct A Focus Group

Recruit participants

Participants should be carefully chosen so that they are representative of the target population. They should also be willing to commit to attending the focus group and participating in the discussion.

Choose a moderator

The moderator is the person who will be leading the focus group. They should be someone with experience conducting research and be able to keep the discussion on track.

Record the meeting

It’s important to record the meeting for future purposes

Create a discussion guide

Once you have your participants, you need to create a discussion guide. This will help keep the conversation on track and ensure that all the topics you want to cover are covered.

Moderate the discussion

Once the discussion is underway, it’s important to moderate it effectively. This means keeping things on track, making sure everyone has a chance to speak, and ensuring that the conversation flows smoothly.

Analyze the results and generate a report

After the focus group is over, it’s time to analyze the results. This means looking at what was said, how it was said, and what conclusions can be drawn from the discussion.

Use the results of your survey to generate reports.

After your focus group, you should analyze your data. This can help you generate reports about your overall findings. You can also use the data to create a plan. This can help to improve your effectiveness with your research and ensure that you get the most out of it.

It’s important to share the findings of your focus groups with all stakeholders and decision-makers in your company. A well-crafted and well-presented report provides the insight you need to plan changes based on feedback. Update your participants on any changes made, and report on the results of the new product or service.

Keep in touch with your focus groups and inform them of any changes or updates.

The Pros and Cons of Focus Groups

This form of research has several benefits:

  • It will help you understand your customers or subject better.
  • It is cost-effective.
  • It is time effective.

The ability of research companies to probe into the emotions, beliefs, and perceptions of their participants is incredibly helpful in gathering results that otherwise would be obscured.

Participants who are engaged can provide valuable insight that can be collected relatively quickly, as sessions typically last no more than 90 minutes. Furthermore, observing body language and facial reactions can help give the researchers a more holistic view of the discussion.

The Cons

A focus group can be a helpful market research tool. It helps when trying to gain insights into a target market. However, it’s important to keep in mind that the thoughts and opinions of the small group of people involved in the focus group may not be representative of the larger population.

Additionally, recruitment for a focus group can take up a significant amount of time, as can traversing different geographic areas if necessary. It’s also worth noting that some group members will be more dominant than others during the discussion and that certain participants can sway the discussion toward the irrelevant territory.


What is a focus group? A focus group is a small, but representative group of people who are asked about their opinions on a particular product or topic. Overall, focus groups can be a great way to gather in-depth insights from real people about sensitive topics. It is an ideal method for market research.

However, there are some potential challenges that researchers need to be aware of when planning their study. By following best practices and being prepared for the possibility that not everyone will want to participate, you can ensure that your focus group research is successful.